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Kashmir's power of Hydro-energy



The IK Group

Kashmir should have been exporting hydro energy right now.Unfortunately, it all gets eaten up by two energy deficit watchdog countries .The reason for this is that we dont have any freedom of control over our natural resources.The hydro electric projects built are fully regulated under rigid central control.We have to give royalties to compensate for absolutely no reason and are irrelevantly dependent on both countries to fulfill our energy demand.In history,treaties were signed for sharing river waters which are completely against the interests of the people of Kashmir and most of the hydro electric projects by now are caught up in quarrels between two countries due to administrative inactiveness and formal accusations of corruption.Till now,work on some projects has been going on since decades and their completion is nowhere in good deal.

The total hydropower generation potential in both parts of Kashmir is around 25000 MW (Mega Watt) without restrictions of any treaties .Economic and Technical Investigations have been carried out in Indus ,Jehlum,Chenab and Ravi Rivers.The usage by both parts would be a rough estimate of 3000 MW(1600 for IOK and 1400 for POK).That means a total investment needed to build advanced hydro electric projects for a remaining capacity of untapped 22000 MW generation would be a massive chunk of $4 billion dollars.Atleast 60% of the hydro electric generation would be available for export which would need an extra $50 million dollars for energy exportation.Hydro electric projects are highly capital intensive and are naturally dependant on rapid water pressure to run wheels and turn shafts.In summers,river discharge is very high but hydel capacity goes down to 66% in winters which is resisted by gas turbines which generate around 140 MW.Although expensive, they are used to curb shortages during peak time.However some projects have had absence of any storage discharge apparatus,reservoirs which has resulted in a 50% loss of its capacity.That means some projects are still dependent on direct flow of water due to lack of financial resources.

Developing new massive hydro projects by facilitating massive FDI would create a skilled and unskilled workforce potential of one hundred and twenty thousand labourers(1,20,000).It will create a favourable impact on the local economy by pumping up atleast 70% of the total project cost including compensation of land acquired and unskilled employment dependant on civil work.It will turn create emphasis on optimal efficiency on minimum requirement basis and will spur rapid economic growth and new economic opportunities in commercialization.

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